After the Arab Spring Part 3 – the outlook for car markets in the GCC

This entry is part 3 of 4 in the series Arab Spring

At the time,  the GCC markets seemed largely unaffected by the Arab Spring, apparently insulated by oil wealth and strong sovereign wealth funds, whose proceeds need only be shared among a small population. But, if you take a closer look there are two ‘blocs’ of states within the GCC measured by income per capita: the rich, UAE, Qatar and Kuwait; and the ‘relatively poor’ – Bahrain, Saudi Arabia and Oman. Those differences have great implications as each country deals with three important – and region-wide- market undercurrents: youth unemployment and renewed emphasis on employment nationalization programmes, accelerating modernization of the transport infrastructure and a changing landscape for personal consumer credit. Each will have an impact on the size and shape of GCC car markets. Moreover, the medium-term, region-wide political effects of the Arab Spring were also overlooked: the power struggle between Saudi Arabia and Iran; the split within the GCC over Qatar’s position; the struggle to control the entrance to the Red Sea at the Bab Al Mandab, which has underpinned the conflict in Yemen.

Read more

The “Arab Spring” and car markets in MENA and beyond

This entry is part 4 of 4 in the series Arab Spring

Originally published in 2011. this paper was updated and re=-published in 2017 “Progress lies not in enhancing what is, but in advancing toward what will be”, Kahlil Gibran Only a few wise birds predicted the Arab Spring and its financial and economic impact. But, as it progressed, it didn’t take long for the immediate impact of actual regime changes in Tunisia and Egypt – and the threat of them in Bahrain and Libya – to become clear. Between the day the protests broke out in Tunisia in January, the price of oil (Brent Crude) rose from US$94.90 on the 4 January to US$116 a barrel in early March, its highest level since January 2009 when it traded at $40. Still off its $145/barrel peak of July 2008 but already worryingly high for European motorists and hauliers. Of course, while European governments wring their hands about the impact of oil prices, keep in mind that their taxes on oil consumption far outstrip the income to the oil producers. For example, in 2011 at current prices, the UK will generate about 1.8 times as much tax as the oil costs. In Germany it’s twice as much and in Italy 2.4 times in tax as the oil costs! But, if the price for long-term stability is only a few months of excruciating pump prices, many consumers might be willing to pay it. However, as we have seen, the human and financial costs turned out to be more expensive and enduring than that. 

Read more

After the Arab Spring: Part 2 – the outlook for car markets in the Levant

This entry is part 2 of 4 in the series Arab Spring

The Arab Spring began in 2010 in Tunisia,North Africa and travelled eastwards. First, into Egypt and Libya in 2011. Then, in 2012, into Syria, in the Levant. And, in this part of the world, as governments, rebels, terrorists and infiltrators arrived, it has caused chaos. The modern Levant includes Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and the Palestinian Territories and – historically – Turkey as well. It has been described as the “crossroads of western Asia, the eastern Mediterranean and north-east Africa”. It fringes the eastern Mediterranean over a distance of 1,100 miles, with a population of 35 MN, excluding Turkey. The Levant economies share three common characteristics: they are net oil importers; they depend on other states or entities for their economic well-being – through remittances, exports or subsidies; and they share a politically unstable region. Consequently they are, more than usually, economically volatile and vulnerable. In addition, they share exposure to economic downside risks:global economic slowdown: the continuing Euro Area crisis, weakness of Advanced Economy Sovereign risks and the volatile oil prices.

Read more